Genetic Conservation of Domestic Livestock

by Lawrence Alderson

Publisher: C.A.B. International

Written in English
Published: Pages: 240 Downloads: 751
Share This


  • Agriculture - Animal Husbandry,
  • Technology & Industrial Arts
The Physical Object
Number of Pages240
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL11600733M
ISBN 100851986692
ISBN 109780851986692

Genetic data can also provide conservation-relevant information on mating system -- for example, the degree of reliance of a plant species on its pollinator (high dependence for obligate outcrossers) or the degree of polygyny in animal populations (which in turn affects effective population size, N e). Genetic data are increasingly important in.   This book will be welcomed by all those who recognize the genetic and cultural treasure these breeds represent.”—Donald E. Bixby, DVM, Executive Director, American Livestock Breeds Conservancy “Most educated people know about the decline of wild biodiversity, but few are aware of the parallel tragedy in breeds of livestock.   The information helps drive conservation priorities for endangered breeds and helps raise public awareness about the need for domestic livestock conservation in the United States. For , there are breeds of livestock and poultry on the Conservation Priority List. Conservation Genetics promotes the conservation of biodiversity by providing a forum for data and ideas, aiding the further development of this area of study. Contributions include work from the disciplines of population genetics, molecular ecology, molecular biology, evolutionary biology, systematics, forensics, and .

Through genetic conservation, we strive to maintain maximum levels of genetic diversity in populations, or as a minimum to preserve germplasm ex-situ to facilitate regeneration of genetic diversity should this be required. In this document, we outline a national scientific . The partnership between humans and domestic animals is natural. The human brain is hard-wired to emotionally respond to animals. Beginning with the domestication of wolves, this chapter covers the process of domestication and reviews the early work of behaviorists and ethologists who refused to accept emotional states in animals. Downloadable! Located at the boundaries of Europe and Asia, Turkey is home to an extraordinary variety of domestic animal species and breeds that include bees, camels, cats, cattle, dogs, domestic fowl, donkeys, ducks, goats, geese, horses, mules, pigs, rabbits, sheep, silkworms, water buffalo and several species of domestic birds (partridge, pheasant, pigeon and ostrich).Author: Orhan Yilmaz, Yakup Erdal Erturk, Fusun Coskun, R. Trevor Wilson.   1. The Expansion of Conservation Genetics, by Rob DeSalle and George Amato 2. Conservation Genetics and the Extinction Crisis: A Perspective, by William Conway 3. Moving Toward a More Integrated Approach, by George Amato Part II. Conservation Genetics in Action: Assessing the Level and Quality of Genetic Resources in Endangered Species 4.

Livestock Breeds in Traditional Animal Genetic Resources Management o appreciate the role that traditional communities play in the conservation and management of animal genetic resources (AnGR), it is important to understand the social institutions and cultural traditions that define the animal management choices available to farmers. Conservation of the genetic resources of livestock. As a part of the gene-bank service for agricultural life resources, a variety of genetic resources of livestock are conserved in . Over the past twenty years substantial progress have been made in conserving animal genetic resources for food and agriculture (AnGR). 1 Globally, national programs, non-government organizations (NGOs), and producer-based activities are executing in vivo and in vitro (gene banking) conservation (FAO, , FAO, ).Across regions well-established and newly formed national gene banks are Cited by: 8.   Dogs are the world's most common and widespread carnivores and are nearly ubiquitous across the globe. The vast majority of these dogs, whether owned or un-owned, pure-bred or stray, spend a large portion of their life as unconfined, free-roaming animals, persisting at the interface of human and wildlife communities. Their numbers are particularly large throughout the developing world, where.

Genetic Conservation of Domestic Livestock by Lawrence Alderson Download PDF EPUB FB2

Genetic conservation of domestic livestock. Wallingford, Oxon, UK: CAB International on behalf of the Rare Breeds Survival Trust, © (OCoLC) Material Type: Conference publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Lawrence Alderson; Rare Breeds Survival Trust.

Interest in genetic conservation and the survival of rare breeds has increased steadily in recent years. Following a successful conference held at Warwick, UK, in (published as Genetic Conservation of Domestic Livestock), a further conference was held in Budapest, Hungary in August This book presents selected edited papers from the Budapest conference, reporting new developments and Format: Hardcover.

Part 1 Methodology: maximal maintenance of genetic variation in small populations; a system to maximize the maintenance of genetic variability in small populations; conservation of animal genetic resources in Scandinavia; the threat to indigenous breeds in developing countries and options for action; a chance to survive in a rare breeds.

Book: Genetic conservation of domestic livestock. + pp. Abstract: During the last three decades, there has been a growing concern, particularly in the developed countries, over the disappearance of some of the traditional breeds of livestock.

The Livestock Conservancy works to protect livestock and poultry from extinction including: donkeys, cattle, goats, horses, sheep, pigs, rabbits, chickens, ducks.

Genetic Conservation of Domestic Livestock. Edited by LAWRENCE ALDERSON Wallingford., Oxford CAB: International. pages. Price £ ISBN 0 66 9 2. The deliberate conservation of breeds of farm livestock is a recen but t expandin g business, followin on thge much more extensiv ane d systematic efforts that haveAuthor: W.

Hill. Genetic Conservation of Domestic Livestock: v. 2By: Click Here: ?book=   Book Review; Published: December Genetic conservation of domestic livestock.

Lawrence Alderson. International, Wallingford, UK. 67 Author: J. Macfarlane. In vivo conservation of animal genetic resources-The Global Plan of Action for Animal Genetic Resources, adopted inis the first internationally agreed framework for the management of biodiversity in the livestock sector.

It calls for the development of technical guidelines to support countries in their implementation Size: 1MB. An Introduction to Heritage Breeds is a valuable introduction to an important segment of biodiversity. It should be kept in mind that while natural biodiversity remains the main subject of scientific studies and conservation efforts, that generated by humans within domestic species has its own, unique value.

Considering the history of breeds, it is argued that conservation of genetic diversity does not necessarily imply conservation of breeds. However, breeds are instrumental for the conservation of genetic diversity as independent genetic management units.

These considerations may very well be extrapolated to other domestic by: Cryoconservation of animal genetic resources is a strategy wherein samples of animal genetic materials are preserved cryogenically.

Animal genetic resources, as defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, are "those animal species that are used, or may be used, for the production of food and agriculture, and the populations within each of them.

Full text Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (K), or click on a page image below to browse page by by: 1. The use and development of livestock breeds and the conservation of valuable breeds that are of little current interest to livestock producers need to be upgraded.

A range of rapidly developing molecular and reproductive biotechnologies has important implications for AnGR management, as has a range of policy, legal and institutional issues.

Conservation of cattle genetic resources: The role of breeds Article (PDF Available) in The Journal of Agricultural Science (01) January with 1, Reads How we measure 'reads'.

Summary. Conservation genetics in an animal breeding context relates both to questions of preservation of rare and endangered breeds or populations, and to utilization with planned genetic change to improve viability, productivity, and efficiency of by: The commit- tee believes that the information in Managing Global Genetic Resources: Livestock can provide the foundation for incorporating both views into a cohesive strategy for conservation and management.

This report examines the genetic diversity of the major domestic livestock species. Conservation of animal genetic resources and Biotechnology. The Livestock Conservancy, formerly known as the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy (ALBC) and prior to that, the American Minor Breeds Conservancy, is a nonprofit organization focused on preserving and promoting rare breeds, also known as "heritage breeds" of d inthrough the efforts of livestock breed enthusiasts concerned about the disappearance of many of the US's Location: Pittsboro, North Carolina, US.

Genetics. Interest in genetic conservation and the survival of rare breeds has increased steadily in recent years.

Following a successful conference held at Warwick, UK, in (published as Genetic Conservation of Domestic Livestock), a further conference was held in Budapest, Hungary in August This book presents selected edited papers.

For conservation of livestock breeds and small populations in nature, we advocate that long-term genetic and phenotypic monitoring is needed, and based on such data management decisions are taken (Box 1).

Current and past performance of a population may represent poor predictors of future performance due to factors such as genotype by Cited by: DEFAULT_SET: Genetic Conservation of Domestic Livestock: Volume 2: ISBN () Hardcover, Oxford University Press, Founded inhas become a leading book price comparison site.

Farm Animal Genetic Resources in the SADC Introduction Introduction 3 Everyday services of livestock such as providing draught power are often underestimated Farm Animal Genetic Resources: Backbone of Rural Livelihoods and Assets for National Economies In the interest of food security and to satisfy the predicted growing demand for livestock prod.

in conservation programmes aimed at maintaining genetic diversity. Livestock genomics and marker assisted selection (MAS) Advances in molecular genetics, boosted by the 'Human Genome Initiative', now allow for the development of unlimited numbers of genetic markers, the fundamental tool of the geneticist.

These markers can be used to locate. The paper is initiated to design appropriate conservation strategies and breeding scheme for Fogera cattle breed that will be used as a guide for other Ethiopian indigenous cattle breed.

Two types of data, on-farm and on-station, were used; the on-farm data was collected from three districts, namely, Fogera, Dera, and Bahir Dar Zuria; those are expected as the home of the breed.

A total of Cited by: 1. The preservation of the female portion of livestock genetics has become an international priority; however, in situ conservation strategies are extremely expensive. Therefore, efforts are increasingly focusing on the development of a reliable cryopreservation method for oocytes, in order to establish ova banks.

Slow freezing, a common method for cryopreservation of oocytes, causes osmotic Cited by: Download PDF: Sorry, we are unable to provide the full text but you may find it at the following location(s): g (external link)Author: Andrew F.

Fraser. Genetic Conservation and Utilization of Indigenous Livestock in Northern Thailand. supports the hypothesis of a shared common ancestors with the Chinese domestic pigs, but the formation of the. Genetics and the Behavior of Domestic Animals horses, herding and guard dogs, and poultry are all included in these discussions of genetics and behavior, making this book useful to veterinarians, livestock producers, laboratory animal researchers and technicians, animal trainers and breeders, and any researcher interested in animal behavior /5(4).

Index / F Farm parks, 16,45, 55,Fibronectin, 79 Flow cytometry, 93, Follicle-stimulating hormone, 91 Food and Agriculture Organization Animal Production and Health Division, assessment of populations for conservation, 50, 52 Commission on Plant Genetic Resources, 14 Committee on Agriculture, data-base.

Genetic adaptations for particular husbandry conditions of cattle is the subject of this book. This timely presentation of vast genetic knowledge corresponds to the urgent present need of conservation for new genetic engineering programmes and applications of genetic adaptation for practical livestock production.Genetic factors play a significant role in both species-specific behaviors and behavioral differences exhibited by individuals in the same species.

Leading authorities explore the impact of increased intensities of selection on domestic animal behavior. making this book useful to veterinarians, livestock producers, laboratory animal 4/5(5).Delivering improved genetics to the world’s small-scale livestock keepers Targeting Gene Discovery Delivering Genetic Gains Prioritizing geography, environment, climate and social change, traits, species, breed.

Adaptive alleles, characterization, conservation, Genome editing Digital recording platforms. Phenotyping and farmer feedback.